Treatments and Therapies
Medical cannabis can be administered using a variety of methods, including vaporizing or smoking dried buds, eating oil extracts, taking capsules or using oral sprays. Synthetic cannabinoids are available as prescription drugs in some countries; examples include: dronabinol (available in the United States (US) and Canada) and nabilone (available in Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom (UK), and the US). Medical use of cannabis is legal in certain countries, including Austria, Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain.
(1) Medical cannabis is effective in treating chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) and may be a reasonable option in those who do not improve following preferential treatment. Comparative studies have found cannabinoids to be more effective than some conventional antiemetics in controlling CINV.
(2) Evidence suggests that oral cannabis extract is effective for reducing patient-centered measures of spasticity. A trial of cannabis is deemed to be a reasonable option if other treatments have not been effective. Its use for MS is approved in ten countries.
(9) Cannabinoids appear to kill tumor cells but do not affect their non-transformed counterparts and may even protect them from cell death. For example, these compounds have been shown to induce apoptosisin glioma cells in culture and induce regression of glioma tumors in mice and rats, while they protect normal glial cells of astroglial and oligodendroglial lineages from apoptosis mediated by the CB1receptor. Please review the speciality section on Cancer Research.
(5) Cannabis appears to be effective for the treatment of chronic pain, including pain caused by neuropathy and also that due to fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis.  In palliative care the use appears safer than that of opioids.
Bi-Polar and Anxiety Disorders
(10) A 2005 review and meta-analysis said that bipolar disorder was not well-controlled by existing medications and that there were “good pharmacological reasons” for thinking cannabis had therapeutic potential, making it a good candidate for further study.
(11) There is emerging evidence that cannabidiol may help slow cell damage in diabetes mellitus type 1.
(12) A 2005 review said that controlled research on treating TS with Marinol showed the patients taking the pill had a beneficial response without serious adverse effects.
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